VICTORIA WOODHULL
Publisher, Editor, Women's Rights Activist (1838–1927)

Victoria Woodhull was a spiritualist, activist, politician and author who was the first woman to run for the presidency of the United States.

BENAZIR BHUTTO
Prime Minister (1953–2007)

Benazir Bhutto inherited leadership of the PPP after a military coup overthrew her father's government and won election in 1988, becoming the first female prime minister of a Muslim nation. In 2007, she returned to Pakistan after an extended exile, but, tragically, was killed in a suicide attack.

CATHERINE THE GREAT
Emperor (1729–1796)

Catherine II, known as Catherine the Great, was empress of Russia, and led her country into the political and cultural life of Europe, carrying on the work begun by Peter the Great.

ANGELA MERKEL
Chancellor [Germany] (1954–)

Angela Merkel is a German politician best known as the first female chancellor of Germany and one of the architects of the European Union.

SHIRLEY CHISOLM
U.S. Representative (1924–2005)

Shirley Chisholm became the first African-American congresswoman in 1968. Four years later, she became the first major-party black candidate to make a bid for the U.S. presidency.

GLORIA MACAPAGAL ARROYO
President [Philippines] (1947–)

Former Filipino president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo was a controversial leader who resisted several military coups.

HATSHEPSUT
Queen (c. 1508 BCE–c. 1458 BCE)

Hatshepsut was the longest reigning female pharaoh in Egypt, ruling for 20 years in the 15th century B.C. She is considered one of Egypt's most successful pharaohs.

HILLARY CLINTON
Govt. Official, US First Lady, Women's Rights Activist (1947–)

When Hillary Clinton was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2001, she became the first American first lady to ever win a public office seat. She later became the 67th U.S. secretary of state in 2009, serving until 2013. In 2016, she became the first woman in U.S. history to become the presidential nominee of a major political party.

GOLDA MEIR
Prime Minister, Diplomat (1898–1978)

Golda Meir was best known as the fourth Prime Minister of Israel and the first woman to hold the title.